#MemberMonday: Janice Gunther Martin

JGM & donkey at Versailles
This was actually taken at Versailles. Why spend all your time looking at palaces and gardens when you can also go see farm animals?


University of Notre Dame
PhD Candidate, History

MA, History


University of Connecticut

MA, History


University of Pennsylvania
MS, Chemistry

BA, Biochemistry


What got you in to history? Into equine history?

     I have wonderful memories of visiting museums and historical sites on family vacations during childhood. One summer I even spent a week at a camp run by a living history center in New Brunswick, Canada, pretending that I lived in the rural nineteenth century St. John River Valley (a program at Kings Landing – the place deserves some free advertising). So, despite studying biochemistry and chemistry in college, the history bug had burrowed deep. A college course on the history of scientific thought led me to further consider the history of science and how human beings have defined, studied, and interacted with the natural world… And this interest eventually led me to graduate school!

     Unlike perhaps most equine historians, I came to equine history through books – and not the Black Stallion series, either. In my first year or so at Notre Dame I stumbled across equine medical treatises from early modern Castile, and realized that studying the treatment of equines in the past would be a fruitful way to address my broader interests about human beings and nature.

Who is your favorite historical horse?

     If I may slightly adjust the question, I would instead like to identify my favorite historical mule: a gray mule born about 1547 and purchased by a shoemaker at the San Miguel fair in Nájera in September of 1552. Without too much exaggeration I can say that this was a celebrity mule of the shoemaker neighborhood in Logroño. Alas, the mule met an unfortunate end. I will reveal the full, sad story in my as-yet-in-progress dissertation; or, if you can’t wait, find me on the conference circuit! 

What are you working on right now?

      At the moment I am finishing my dissertation, which investigates the role of Crown-licensed equine doctors in curing equines in sixteenth-century Castile. Since many Castilians were familiar with equines and how to heal them, what set equine doctors apart? I compare evidence from theoretical equine medical treatises and lawsuits to determine the distinctive status and practices of these equine doctors as they cared for everyday, working animals. I argue that equine doctors were distinct from others who healed these animals because they more explicitly framed their work using learned medical theory, possessed particular legal functions, and performed specialized surgery. Their activities show that human and animal medicine diverged in practice despite shared medical theory. This project will not only be valuable to historians of science and medicine for its examination of lay and learned medical expertise in an Iberian context; what’s also really exciting about my sources is that they allow me to study actual horses, mules, and donkeys from this period. I am able to examine the different types of equine knowledge that people possessed, and how equine treatment varied by the work expected of these animals and economic context. Thus, the project will contribute to a nuanced understanding of human-equine relations during this period, and to conversations about the treatment of domesticated animals, in general.  

Histories of Equine Science

     The SHOT History of Technology conference begins tomorrow in Philadelphia. Of particular interest are the Maintaining Natures panels organized by Nicole Welk-Joerger (University of Pennsylvania) and Alice Clifton (Georgia Institute of Technology). The second session includes two of our members presenting their research, and both panels take a long overdue look at the intersection of animals and technology.

Maintaining Natures I
8:00 a.m. Friday in the Reynolds Room.
Chair: David Nye (University of Southern Denmark)
Commentator: Thomas Zeller (University of Maryland)
Angelica Agredo Montealegre (King’s College London): Urgent Roads for the ‘Unknown’: The Roads of the Algerian Sahara in the 1950s
Alice Clifton (Georgia Institute of Technology) [Robinson Prize Candidate]: Front-Line Fowl: Messenger Pigeons as Communications Technology in the United States Army Slawomir Lotysz (Polish Academy of Sciences): Hydro or Social Engineering? The Question of Draining the Polesie Marshes in Interwar Poland
Nicole Welk-Joerger (University of Pennsylvania): Measuring Maintenance: Cow Condition and Calorimeters in America’s Early 20th Century

Maintaining Natures II
10:30 a.m. Saturday in the Claypoole Room
Chair: Lee Vinsel (Virginia Tech)
Commentator: Ann Greene (University of Pennsylvania) 
Katrin Boniface (University of California Riverside) [Robinson Prize Candidate]: Manufacturing the Horse: Understandings of Inheritance in the Long 18th Century
Felicity McWilliams (King’s College London): Maintaining Tractors and Caring for Horses: Looking after Draught Power Technologies in Twentieth Century British Farming
Sarah Mittlefehldt (Northern Michigan University): Saving the Earth through the Power of the Sun: Solar Energy Advocacy and Opposition in the US since the 1950s
Samantha Muka (University of Pennsylvania): Maintaining Model Ecosystems in the Laboratory: Adey’s Caribbean Reef Microcosm Tank

If you won’t be in attendance, follow #SHOT2017 and #HorseHistory on twitter.